I am sure that this post is the one that many of you were most interested to read. Personally, I enjoy discussing the system more than I enjoy describing the results, but one cannot deny the populace... both of you. I might also add that this whole series is based off of my personal, informal understanding of these things, so please take it with a grain of salt. So, out of a completely assumed public demand, I give you the 16 personality types:
(The following list is organized first by functional pairs [Sensing and iNtuitive vs. Thinking and Feeling], then by Lifestyle [Judging and Perceiving], then by dominance [Extroversion and Introversion]. This organization was chosen to make it easier to see how dominance, extroversion, and introversion affect how the personality functions.)Sensing Thinking
Because your memory is the main source of your understanding, and because you take in new memories through your five senses, the things that you prioritize are usually the things directly around you. What you can see, taste, touch, smell, and hear is more important than the vague world of thoughts and ideas. This also means that the rules and laws that you have developed in your mind are an aspect of the tangible world: they just are. You live in a world a fact, where things should be the way they should be.
But most of your energy is spent in maintaining the order of this world around you. You strive to keep all things in order through practical common sense methodology. You often become frustrated with people who get in the way of achieving these goals, and confused when other people do not share them. You also tend to be very active in ensuring that your goals come to pass.
To remain healthy, do not just use your repository of memories and facts to justify your goals, actions, and set of rules and criticize others who oppose them. Remember to be critical of your own view too, and keep in mind the many times in which exceptions to these rules have happened, as well as being open to new information that may come along. It is a basic principle of life that there are many things that you do not know, and you may be wrong about. One must be open to correction and new ways of addressing problems. Furthermore, be critical of the various systems that you have invested yourself in. Even if you have seen how they have been important in your life, think critically about whether they are important to the greater world around you (in other words, to others).
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Because your analysis of your personal past experiences are grounded in objective logic, you are very concerned about living according to the rules and standards of the world which you have seen demonstrated in your life. You may, to some degree, be concerned about how others perceive you, but you are more concerned about applying these rules and standards to keep your world stable. Since these rules and standards are based upon past experiences, you are not a big fan of change. Consistency is akin to stability, and something to which you see yourself as an advocate.
But your energy is primarily spent in your personal reflections. You spend a great deal of your energy cataloguing and then reflecting on the various things that have happened in your life and facts which you have learned, and then pondering their relevance. Your sense of relevance isn’t really philosophical, but practical. Often your reflections are about whether or not something worked, or whether or not that task was/is worth your time, or whether you lived up to your responsibility in this or that area. Because of this, you are a hard and diligent worker, and often define yourself by your employment. Indeed, your competence is the primary marker of your sense of self-worth.
To remain healthy do not just use your thinking function to “flush out” new information that contradicts your established view of yourself and the world. In other words, instead of judging only the new data by the old, also remember to judge the old data by the new. If you do not learn to do this, you won’t be able to deal with change in your life. Don’t be afraid to challenge your sense of things, but instead see it as an opportunity to improve yourself and to be a more functional human being.
Because you assess your own sense of self-worth from a set of principles and through an objective logic, you have a tremendous concern about whether or not you are in line with the way that the world works. Do you measure up? Are you competent? These are very significant questions for you, and they are answered through an analysis of your personal experience. You also have a set of rules by which you live your life, which may or may not be similar to the world around you. These rules are grounded in your own experience and way of thinking, rather than on a reliance on the outside world. However, you stick to these principles with vigor, but are not necessarily concerned about whether they are followed by the rest of the world.
But your energy is primarily spent in actually going out and experiencing things. Much of this is seen as testing your mettle, but some of it is just to see what something is like. You want to know what the world is like, and you attempt to do so through experiencing it through your five senses. This also means that you are easily bored with theory or talk. You want to do. Though the link above says that an ESTP has a “let’s get things done” kind of attitude, I’m not so sure about that. It is more, “let’s get things started.” They like to see the ball rolling, but isn’t really that concerned about seeing it get to its destination. To you the world is sort of like a game or sport, where your goal in life is to win. This can make you rather competitive, but it is the challenge of it that you truly enjoy.
To be healthy, use your thinking function as more than just a tool to figure out how to work out your various plans. Though you do need to think about how to do the things you do, also learn to think about which things you should do, or whether you really need to do something right now at all. You need to learn to discern the actual consequences of your actions, and not just the best way to move ahead. What you do really does affect others, and not all experiences are worth having. Developing this discernment will be key for you to develop a stable and happy life.
You are often focused on figuring out the things around you. Though you often work with your hands, what you really enjoy is simply solving problems. You have this cheerful disposition about the world, often being content to play with the various puzzles that you find around you. While the ESTP sees the world as a big game to be played and conquered, you see the world as a big puzzle with which you can test your deep and reflective intellect.
Because you understand the world around you through your five senses, you have a keen understanding of the physical world. You may have once heard of the Sir Isaac Newton, but you never had to study to figure out the basic laws of motion and physics. You simply know that if you do this, this is what will occur. Because of this, you can quickly figure out how a physical systems work. The few times when you can’t, your curiosity often gets the better of you, and you just need to see how it works. Perhaps your parents have told you how you loved to take everything apart when you were a child. Indeed, your curiosity often causes you to act rather recklessly, since you have a drive to know, not only how something works, but what you can do with it. This is where your desire to tinker often comes from, as well as using the things that you have worked on.
But you spend most of your energy simply thinking. You probably aren’t thinking about high philosophy, or other “useless” stuff like that. Instead, you think about yourself, your environment, and, as I have said before, how things function. You are highly meditative, and because of this, you have a clear sense of the people in your life. Indeed, out of all the different thinking types, you are the most personable, since your natural cheer and loyalty grants you a lot of forgiveness for any lack of social etiquette. You have very strong principles with which you stick to without question. These are truths about the world. Because of this, you are probably very loyal to both the people around you and to the causes that you believe in.
In order to remain healthy, you need to assess the value of the various things that you are doing, and see whether or not they have any real effect in the world. Often, you can become so into a particular puzzle or skill that you have, that you lose all sense of the rest of the world. Therefore, try to experience things outside of your comfort zone. Go out into the world, and get to know it better. Absorb as much of that world as you can, and then go home, and reflect on those experiences. It’ll be fun.
You see the world around you in terms of morals, people, and societal structures. Your primary orientation in life is to see these morals upheld, and the people in the world healthy. However, the world is defined by who you can see, touch, hear, etc… Additionally, your sense of morality is drawn from your deep repository of personal experiences.
Because your memory is the main source of your understanding of what the world is, and because you take in new memories through your five senses, your world is the people who you personally know. You want to see them taken care of, and you oppose any order or power which may harm them. Your understanding of what constitutes care is very practical and physical. You have a deep memory for their facial expressions, mannerisms, etc, and often can seem to read their thoughts because of it. Your memory is also the source of your understanding of morality, which you have derived from examining how people around you function. Your morality is based on what the society around you views as moral, not necessarily a deep contemplation of moral problems.
But most of your energy is spent actually taking care of these people. Your understanding of who they are and what they want is a means to an end. Your goal is actually to provide those things. You manipulate, to some degree, the various social structures around you for the sake of seeing these people taken care of. You also are one of the first to go to these people and try to help personally. Through your sense of morality, you judge the social structures and the people in your life. It is through this that you decide which actions to take, which people to take care of, and which structures to uphold or oppose.
To remain healthy, do not just use your memories to justify your sense of morality, or your actions. You need to allow yourself to take in more data, and judge your own actions morally. Also, because of your deep memory, you often forget that people do, in fact, change. This may cause you to hold grudges, or miss the wickedness in someone. You need to take in new data on the people in your life and know; not only who they have been, but who they have become. Therefore, do not be content with making sure that people are healthy and taken care of, but also strive to understand the various people in your life too. If your world view is accurate, then you should not feel threatened by new data. In other words, let your morality be shaped by your experiences instead of using your morality to judge which experiences and facts you choose to consider.
Because your understanding of your personal past experiences is grounded on your understanding of moral standards and social reasoning, you are very concerned about maintaining the goodness and righteousness that you have seen from your own history. You possess a set of individuals within your mind with whom you are concerned, and you reflect on what you know about their own lives, especially upon what you have personally witnessed. If one of these persons is dealing with a bad situation, you have a desire to help them. You want to see everyone get along, and are an agent for harmony among your friends.
But most of your energy is spent trying to know the people in your immediate social circle as well as possible. You define for yourself a role within this social circle, but this is a relational role, not a functional one. You are more likely to think of yourself as a parent rather than a leader for instance. Because you are introverted sensing, the people who make up the world are the people whom you have personal experience with. And you are extremely loyal to these people. Thus, the more experiences you have with a person, the more loyal you are to that person. Because of this, you tend to want to serve the people around you, though you are not as concerned about the people whom you don’t know. You also understand these people through your 5 senses. So you are very attentive to their physical needs, as well as their physical mannerisms and expressions. You also know these people based upon your personal history with them. They are defined by what they have done with you. The more data you have about a person, the more accurately you read them.
- To remain healthy, you need to use your feeling function to look beyond your already present group of friends. An unhealthy ISFJ will use their feeling function to judge new people as evil, and known people as good, restricting further and further their already tight group of friends. Eventually, this may result in their group of friends be whittled down to just themselves, living alone without purpose and a tortured view of self-righteousness. Instead, go out and meet some new people, and use these encounters to bring a deeper sense of morality to your group of friends. You don’t have to be a socialite. Instead, recognize that your friends, and especially you, may be the ones who are actually immoral, not the world, and venture out into the world to develop a better sense of morality that you can bring back to the group to create greater harmony with your friends.
Because your world is defined by the people around you, you are guided by certain social rules and moral standards which you have developed over the years. You don’t use these moral standards to judge everyone else. They’re great. Instead, you use them to judge yourself. Are you doing the right thing? Are you doing the moral thing? What you decide to do, and who you decide to hang out with is defined by these moral standards and social rules. Because of this, you are very sensitive to feeling guilty or righteous.
But most of your energy is spent on the here and now, and experiencing the world around you. Since this world is made up of people, what you crave is to do things with people. You want to experience life with them, even the hard times. When something bad happens to you, you want to have people with you to share the experience. If something bad happens to someone else, you are willing to share the experience with them. However, you also want to share the good times with people as well, and to have them share their good times with you. The good times don’t mean as much unless you have someone to share it with. Though often you thrust yourself as the center of attention, this isn’t for vanity’s sake, but to share what is happening to you with them. It is an invitation to intamacy and a statement of trust.
To remain healthy, you have to avoid using your sense of morals and logic to justify the activities you want to do. Instead, you need to use this logic to judge your own actions, and see whether or not you really are having a positive influence in the world. If you don’t do this, you’ll justify everything you do, making of self-obsorbed and hedonistic. Therefore, don’t be afraid to self-examine. In the end, life is more fun making the world around you happy.
Because your understanding of the world around you is based upon your current experience, and because your world is defined by the people around you, you are very in-tune with the current atmosphere. In fact, you are rather sensitive to it, and your mood will shift itself to conform to the mood in the room. You are happy when the people around you are happy, and sad when they are sad. Though you enjoy being with people, this sensitivity can be so powerful, that you don’t want to be around too many. Being very sensitive, you often can be overloaded with too much input.
But most of your energy is spent in trying to keep yourself in line with the various moral standards and social rules you have developed. This is why you tend to be a sort of life companion, as you seek to be a good person, responsible to those who are around you. This means that you tend to be strongly devoted to a small group of people, whom you seek to experience life with. When you do act out, it is by expression of yourself. Because you live to experience others, this expression is an invitation that you give to people whom you trust to experience you. When people reject this expression, you feel that they are rejecting you personally, and you take this very hard. Though you project a care-free spirit, you are actually very serious about life, especially your own.
To remain healthy, ISFPs must seek to experience life outside of their defined social group. If you don’t learn to balance your feeling function with your sensing function, you will use each current experience as simply further proof you are already right. You will filter out the information that contradicts your conclusions and focus only on what supports them. Your personal investment in your conclusions means that you will take disagreement as an attack on self. Instead, use your attention to physical details to notice that there are people who may disagree withyou, but still love you very deeply. Challenges to your current value system can actually be used to enhance it, and are not necessarily a threat to who you are.
- Because your view the world based on an internal framework of understanding, you have developed for yourself a keen sense of how the world should be. This sense has grown out of years of personal experience and trials, through which you have internalized particular life lessons. Many times, you assume this sense to be correct, and use it as a reference from which you understand the various events that are going on in your life. You have also developed an intuitive understanding of people. This means you have an instinct about what people feel or need, as well as the best and right thing to say.
- But most of your energy is spent trying to see that your internal sense is realized in the world. You are a pursuer of justice and morality, looking to see wrongs corrected and rights rewarded. You work to improve the lives of the people around you. You live for others, sometimes to the neglect of yourself. However, unlike the ESFJ, you understand people's needs more in terms of their inner personal lives, rather than physical needs. The ESFJ will get a person a blanket, or some food, but you would prefer to talk to the person, and help them deal with their problems.
- To remain healthy, you need to seek out the opinions of others and open up your imagination to other ways of viewing things. Often, you may develop you internal understanding of things in a way that justifies your initial reaction to things. Many times this will manifest as quickly putting the people you meet into "good" and "bad" categories, and afterwards developing a case for keeping them there. Instead, you need to listen to other people's ideas and perspectives, with a humble awareness that they may be more correct. Also, you have a very strong internal network of understanding. Take some time to really reflect on situations using this. A good exercise is to come to a decision about what a person's motivations may have been until you can imagine at least 5 others. You have the capability of doing this, if you learn to develop it.
- One more word. Because your understanding of yourself is also based on this sense of intuition, you are more vulnerable to personal attacks than most types. This is not a weakness, but a strength, since it becomes a reservoir for the passion that you channel into your life. However, do not let it get the better of you. Please be slow to assume either the worst or the best about yourself. Be open to setting yourself within the grey.
- Because you have developed this internal world through the use of subjective social logic, it is structured using social rules and relationships, and assessed by a set of moral standards. Because of this, you have a very strong and thorough definition of each person you know. Additionally, the morals you have established in your mind are nigh indelible.
- But most of your energy is spent reflecting upon your internal world. Though this is a very similar internal world to the ENFJ, yours is far more intricate and detailed, simply because of the amount of attention you have given to it. You have a great memory for ideas and relationships. This memory is based around the people in your lives, their relationship with you, and with each other. You have a deep loyalty to these people, and your sense of self and happiness is tied up in theirs. Who you are is defined by who you are to them. In your mind, you have a sense as to what would make your loved ones happier. You seek to understand what harmony would look like, and what it would take to get there.
- To remain healthy, you must learn to assess new data after it has gone through your intuition instead of before. If you feel like you are too bombarded with information, or if you feel like your world is threatened, you will feel tempted to use your feeling function to dismiss unwanted data. This needs to happen to some degree, for the human mind can't handle everything. But you can't really know which data is unwanted until you have assessed it with your intuition. Therefore, attempt to be aware of your own motivations when making your decisions, and recognize your subjectivity. This will give you a better foundation from which you can defend your loved ones.
- Because you see the world around you in terms of people and moral standards, you are intent at placing yourself within the context of these people. You craft for yourself a role which is defined functionally in society, which to attempt to live out as morally as possible. You consistently ask yourself if you are moral enough, and whether you are letting the people around you down.
- But, you spend most of your energy simply trying to understand the world. Because, to you, the world is defined socially, you attempt to see all of the various social structures in the world. Unlike an Ni, you don't construct your own understanding of the world which you attempt to keep consistent. Instead, you are trying your best to understand the current world. It is more of a present understanding of how things are now, and it is from this understanding that you act. Your actions may seem to others to be spontaneous, but they are actually based off of an intuitive understanding of people and society. Because you have this understanding of the world, you also have a keen sense of where things might go in the future, allowing you to see all of the possibilities in life. These are seen as possibilities for yourself in living out your developed self-identity.
- In order to remain healthy, an ENFP must remember to be self reflective. Because you see so many possibilities around you, if left unchecked, you may constantly seek out these possibilities, forgetting to live up to your responsibilities. If you allow yourself to become enslaved to this impulse, you may begin to use your feeling function to justify what it is that you're doing. Instead, you need to remember to examine yourself based off of your morals to ensure you are living a good a moral life. You also need to use your judging function to critically examine the information that you are taking in.
- Because your understanding of reality is intuitive, you see so much possibility in the world. You have a deep curiosity about things, since the world appears as a constant source of inspiration and mystery. You have a drive to understand it better. Though, like the ENFP, you have spontaneity about your understanding of the world, you are less inclined to act out on it, preferring to keep these flashes of possibility to yourself. When they are expressed, it is often through means of expression which are more moderate, commonly art.
- But most of your energy is spent in better defining who you are, and maintaining your moral standards. Because you are a feeling type, you see yourself in terms of social structures, and thus you attempt to define yourself based off of the various people in your life. Therefore, on some level, you know your goal in life is to make the world better. But this world is understood abstractly rather than physically. While the ISFP tends to be furiously loyal to the individuals in their lives, you more tend to be furiously loyal to your causes. If you make the world better, it'll help the people in your life. This doesn't mean that you are disinterested in the people around you. Quite the contrary. You possess a deep well of compassion on all, and seek to help each person. Indeed, the problems of the people around you are often what inspire you to pursue the causes about which you are so passionate.
- To remain healthy, you need to look beyond yourself, and see whether or not your actions are truly helping others. If left unchecked, an INFP may assume that because their intentions are good, that their actions must also be. They then use their intuitive function only to see the good in their actions, and often only the bad in those that oppose them. To balance this out, you must attempt to understand the world around you before coming to your judgments about your actions. Truly study an issue, and allow some of your ideas to be challenged by what you find. Remember, a challenge to one of your beliefs is not an attack against you. You are more than just your beliefs and causes. Sometimes your cause isn't worth fighting for. You cannot take that as an attack on your self. Allow yourself to be defined by God, who does have a purpose and a calling on your life. Pursue Him, and He will guide you on your quest for self-understanding.
- Because your perception of things is determined by an introverted intuition, you have a highly developed complex understanding of everything. You have an expectation that the world operates in a logically consistent fashion, and because of this assumption, you have attempted to have a basic understanding of this operation to allow you to accomplish the things you wish to accomplish. Because you have developed this understanding through a long history of simply reflecting on the occurrences in your life, of which you have a great memory, you assume your understanding to simply be "common sense". Though you enjoy higher learning, you feel that it is a bit superfluous, and simply judge this learning based off of your "common sense" understanding. I might also add that because of this, you tend only to understand the things which are of personal importance to you.
- But most of your energy is spent "fixing the world" around you. Your intuition gives you the insight to see how things might be improved, but your extroverted thinking compels you to see these intuitions realized. This makes you highly motivated and decisive. Also, because you are more intuitive then an ESTP, you have very good people skills. This makes you a natural leader. Indeed, you seem to lead accidentally. People follow confidence, which you have a lot of. Therefore, you act as a strong wind which pushes the various ships in your vicinity toward the rich new country which you envision. However, despite you apparent great understanding of people, you tend to have a rather poor understanding of how others think. This is because you understand people in terms of cause and effect and are simply good at predicting their reactions. If left unchecked, this can make you rather manipulative, even without meaning to be.
- To remain healthy, you need to learn to stop and ponder about what it is that you are doing. Your decisive nature can cause you to act before you fully understand a situation. Also, your confidence in the common sense of your understanding can cause you to rule out contrary opinions before they are fully assessed. You need to take the time to examine your internal framework critically, and seek out the full breadth of opinion/data on a topic. Having your internal framework critiqued is not a challenge to your goals, but an attempt to ensure that your highest goals are successful. In the end, you want to make sure that the world runs efficiently, and part of an efficient system is appropriate and regular feedback, both positive and negative. Therefore, the same must go for your thinking.
- Because you analyze the world through an extroverted thinking function, you see the world in terms of systems which are there to accomplish goals and are guided by logical and definable laws. You use this thinking function to determine which aspects of the outside world are reasonable sources of understanding, and which ones are not.
- But because you spend most of your energy developing your internal understanding of things, you naturally become "the expert". Ni doesn't simply mean that you develop a deep internal framework, but this internal framework is how you deal with yourself, and thus is concentrated on the things which you have deemed to be the most important. The things that you care about, you understand and an incredible level of depth. Additionally, since you understand these things in an intuitive way, you see them in terms of their purpose and possibilities. It also means that these things may not be physical things. Intuitives do not base their understanding based on their senses, so you are not limited to considering things which can be observed through senses. Actually, you can have more trouble understanding them than a Sensing type. Like the ENTJs, there is an expectation that the world works in a consistent efficient fusion, and if it isn't presently, then it should.
- In order to remain healthy, you need to use your judging function to compare you internal framework to the outside world, and see if it really does line up with reality. You may feel a temptation to see all things which disagree with your internal world as irrelevant or illogical. You need to resist this temptation take the time to really reflect on new information. I know that sometimes you feel like you don't have the time to do this. That is a fair defense. But if that is the case, then you can take the time to analize it later, especially if it is something critical.
- Because you analyze the world in an objective logical way, you sometimes overlook things like social graces and expectations. Things are appreciated by their purpose and function, rather than the affect it creates in those around you. This may cause others to think of you as insensitive. Because this thinking is focused internally, it is used to think about how your various insights into the world apply to your life. Additionally, the basic rules and principles which you have accepted in your life act as the guides to your actions as you attempt to determine your own purpose in life. An inability to determine a purpose for you life will leave you depressed, and trapped in a constant search.
- But the vast majority of your energy is spent simply trying to understand the world, and then send an expression of that understanding back into it. The result, if left unchecked, can be a schemer who is constantly acting on a new scheme for personal achievement. However, if healthy, you act as a vision castor, who devises new and inspirational ways of seeing the world and doing things. The expression of your understanding can be in starting various projects or in simply describing your ideas to others. However, the important thing is the expression of them and to see if they really work. Once that has been accomplished, an ENTP is content to pass the project off to someone else. Also, like an Se, an Ne lives for the present, and tends to simply want to enjoy life. However, this is a present understanding, rather than a present sensation. This causes the ENTP to never feel content in their understanding of things, and to constantly try to look at things deeper. This will also keep you rather open minded in your understanding, since new data is seen as a new toy to play with. The verb "to ponder" can bring great excitement to the heart of an ENTP, though you would probably prefer to converse (unlike the ENTJ who prefers to debate).
- To remain healthy, the ENTP needs to use their extroverted thinking to critique their own activities, and determine whether or not they are accomplishing the things they need to be. I know from personal experience that if you are an ENTP, you can get so caught up in you pursuit of understanding that you can lose track of the little things, like responsibility. What you do has a serious effect on your life, and you need to stop and critique that effect.
- Because the way that the INTP interacts with the world is by intuitively investigating it, they readily enjoy thinking about. You may spend a great deal of time simply meditating on the way that the world works. There will be less of an impulse to express your understanding than the ENTP, so there will be less of a tendency to jump from project to project. However, there may be a tendency to be spontaneous on which topic is the most interesting for you to be considering. But your topics of interest will be more narrowly defined than the ENTP, since they will be selected based off of your understanding of self.
- But you spend most of your energy on seeking to understand your role in life, and to developing principles based on your intuitions. Because you are a thinking type, you see yourself in terms of objective purpose. When you determine what that purpose may be, you attempt to achieve that purpose using your intuitive understanding of the world, which tends to manifest itself in terms of new and creative solutions. However, due to your intuition, this role is almost always some celebration of the action of thought. A deep love of abstract thought and critical thinking often causes you to be an apologist of such things.
- In order to remain healthy, you need to truly see whether or not your actions are helpful. If left unchecked, you can use your intuition to filter out the negative feedback to your various actions. This leaves you incapable of objectively examining yourself. Instead, you need to open yourself up to other ideas. Make sure that you fully study and consider an issue before you make your decision, and listen to the input of others, even if you don't like what they have to say.